High pulse rate is a condition, in which the heart beats at an abnormally faster rate. Though, it need not be life threatening in all the cases, it can definitely lead to some severe conditions in the individual. Read on to know more about the causes of high pulse rate.
As mentioned above, pulse rate above 100 BPM is termed as a high pulse rate or tachycardia. High pulse rate is directly concerned with the inability of the heart to pump the blood efficiently. Tachycardia is classified into two forms, depending upon it's occurrence in the heart. If it starts in the ventricles, it is termed as ventricular tachycardia, or simply V-tach. If the rapid pumping occurs above the ventricles, in the upper part of the heart, it is termed as supra-ventricular tachycardia (SVT). SVT is the most common form of tachycardia and has less potential of inducing harmful effects. However, cases of persistent SVT should be reported to the physician.
There are several causes of high pulse rates. Although, most reasons for high pulse rate are temporary in nature, a few other factors may elevate the pulse rate for a longer time. Following are a few high pulse rate causes
Apart from factors, that are responsible for chronic rapid heart rate, there are several other factors which elevate the pulse rate for a short duration:
• Intake of stimulating substances such as tea, coffee, tobacco etc.
• Heavy Meal.
• Emotional stress, fear, anxiety, nervousness.
• Certain medications.
• Fever, anemia.
• Vitamin Deficiency.
• Physical exertion.
These factors stimulate the heart to beat at a faster rate only for a short period of time. Once the cause is eliminated, the heart resumes its normal pace.
High pulse rate is very common for people who have survived one or more heart attacks. However, people who have no health issues and yet experience an abnormally fast beating heart, should immediately report to their physician.