There are many substances in the budget, can cause allergies in humans, including animal fur, the species of insects, mold spores, pollen. The most common allergens found in the apartment, but dust mites.
These microscopic organisms in ticks, chiggers, and spiders that live in close association with humans. Mainly used for food flakes (hair) of humans and animals shedding activity. The moisture of the body, which is primarily in sheets and bed spread, an ideal breeding ground. Most households in the United States probably have detectable levels of dust mites and their allergy-producing scrap.
The mites are parasites that can bite or sting humans. Their importance as pests is high on the allergen in mite, driver, droppings and secretions. The symptoms of allergy to dust mites is stuffy or runny nose, sneezing, coughing and watery eyes. Inhalation of dust mites allergens in patients with hypersensitivity to acute attacks of asthma can cause asthma, which operate from wheezing, shortness of breath, and perhaps even death. They were identified as a major cause of eczema, a skin disease. Diagnostic tests and clinical studies have shown that house dust by allergists as allergies more common in asthmatics, and a substantial cause for the development of asthma in children. Recent studies indicate that at least 45 percent of children with asthma are allergic to dust mites allergens. Gave rise to the seasonal allergies due to mold or pollen, people who are allergic to dust mites often have symptoms all year round.
Adult mites are about 0,5 mm and immature ticks, is even smaller. Therefore, normally considered through a microscope. Sampling of dust inside the home and examined under a microscope, the presence of mites can be confirmed. Another diagnostic test to be purchased at home more accessible to the owners of pharmacies and stores food allergy. Allergist-immunologist, skin or blood test can confirm the sensitivity to dust mites and their allergenic proteins.
Specific environmental requirements for the development of these mites is provided. Mites tend to be more done in a loving home with high humidity. Mites, absorbs and loses moisture from the skin and is very susceptible to dehydration. Humidity in the house, because they have a significant impact on survival. Mites and their allergens present in homes this year, but people tend to have fewer symptoms during the summer, perhaps because they spend more time outdoors.
Food is rarely a problem for the mites. Their primary food containing coat (dandruff) in house dust. Humans and animals regularly paid a few flakes of skin on the body, such as the skin renews itself constantly. Given that the highest rainfall occurs in the areas of human activity and domestic animals, mites tend to be more in many beds, sofas and comfortable armchairs, carpets and adjacent areas.
Relative humidity is also higher in the tendency to sweat in those areas, people breathe and water vapor when sleeping and living area. Mattresses, sofas, carpets, furniture and other soft case and collect dust, hair and moisture, making them ideal for the development of microhabitats mites.
The allergenic proteins responsible for the appearance of symptoms of mites contain themselves (alive or dead) shed their skins, and especially their droppings. Human activities such as routine cleaning, walking or playing on the carpet, or bed, causing the small particles of feces and the air of skin and inhalation.
One of the best approaches to treat patients is to minimize exposure to dust mites and allergens in the home.
1. The effort to reduce the relative humidity inside the house.
2. Maintaining a good level of hygiene and cleaning house.
3. Wrap mattresses and pillows in allergen impermeable covers. Ideally, you should install the protective dust proof new bed and not those loaded with allergens.