Monday, October 5, 2009

Causes , symptoms, treatment of pneumonia

What is Pneumonia?

Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs, the lungs are filled with fibrous materials to affect gas exchange. With poor gas exchange, blood too much carbon dioxide and little oxygen.
People with normal lungs and adequate immune system, usually full again. However, pneumonia is the sixth leading cause of death in the United States.

Pneumonia can be classified by the location or type, and the cause.

1. Location: bronchopneumonia affects the lungs and small airways of the respiratory system. Lobular pneumonia includes part of a lung lobe. Lobar pneumonia involves an entire lobe.
2. Type: Primary pneumonia occurs when a person inhales intake or disease-producing microorganisms, but extends pneumonia and viral pneumonia. Can someone whos done secondary pneumonia caused lung damage caused by harmful chemicals or other attack, or can be caused by hematogenous spread of bacteria from a remote location.

Pneumonia caused by viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, Mycobacterium, Mycoplasma and Rickettsia.
Certain factors can a person more sensitive) for bacterial and viral pneumonia, chronic and debilitating diseases, cancer (especially lung cancer), abdominal or thoracic surgery, atelectasis (collapse of air sacs in the lungs, influenza, colds and other viral respiratory infections, chronic respiratory diseases (eg, emphysema, chronic bronchitis, asthma, bronchiectasis, or cystic fibrosis), smoking, poor diet, alcoholism, sickle cell disease, tracheostomy, exposure to air emissions, ambition, and drugs that suppress the immune system.
Factors that predispose a person aged weaken ambition fed by naso-gastric disorders gag hygiene, poor oral reflexes and decreased level of consciousness.

What are the symptoms?

Early on, a person with these classic symptoms of bacterial pneumonia C, cough, sputum, chest pain, shaking, chills and fever.

For examination, the doctor may hear abnormal breath called crackles and read the signs of pleural effusion, an abnormal accumulation of fluid in the lungs. Apoptosis is responsible for fever, chest pain, shortness of breath, cough and A.

The complications of pneumonia are respiratory failure, pus in the lungs and lung abscess. Some people develop a bacterial infection in the blood when the infection can spread to other parts of the body, causing inflammation of the membranes of the brain and spinal cord, inflammation of the heart wall and inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart.

How is it diagnosed?

The doctor suspects pneumonia if the person has typical symptoms and results of medical examinations and a chest x-infiltrates ray (abnormal substances in the lungs), and the launch of acute inflammatory cells. If the person has pleural effusion, the doctor gets a little wet from the chest to analyze the signs of infection. Sometimes, the doctor takes a sample of respiratory secretions or respiratory supplements is an instrument called a bronchoscope in the trachea to obtain material for smear and culture. Persons who respond to antibiotics, also contribute significantly to the presence of pneumonia.

Pneumonia is with antimicrobials, which are treated differently to cause the disease. Liquid oxygen is given when the person has very little oxygen in the blood and mechanical ventilation is used to treat respiratory failure. For the relief of other support measures, including a diet rich in calories, adequate hydration, bed rest and analgesics for pain in the chest. These support measures can increase the comfort of the people, to prevent complications and speed recovery. Removal of secretions, the person can learn to perform cough and deep breathing exercises.

What can a person with pneumonia?

1.To prevent infection you properly dispose of other secretions. Sneezing and coughing into a disposable tissue.

2.To prevent the recurrence of pneumonia, use of antimicrobial drugs in mild viral infections, because this can lead to antibiotic-resistant bacteria in the upper airways. If you develop pneumonia, you may need to take more toxic drugs to eliminate orgamsms.

3.Get the annual influenza vaccine and Pneumovax (pneumococcal vaccine disadvantages) if asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema, chronic heart disease, or sickle cell anemia.

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